Mangos have been growing in India for more than 4,000 years. The mango tree is evergreen and grows from 30 to 100 feet tall with a spread of 12 to 40 feet. The trees are stunning when in flower; possessing between 500 and 4,000 pinkish white flowers. The fruit varies in color and size; some mangos weigh as much as 5 pounds. Mango trees are subtropical and do not tolerate freezing temperatures. The trees are not difficult to grow, requiring only some pruning and care in the early years.
Purchase a mango tree from the nursery that is 2 to 4 feet high in a container that is at least a 3 gallon size. If the tree is rootbound in the container, it will not do well in the ground. Check the tree well for any signs of pests or disease.
Choose a location that is in full sun and at least 35 feet away from other trees and buildings. It should also be an area that drains well.
Dig a hole four times the diameter and three times deeper than the container your mango tree is in. Remove all grass, weeds and stones from the dug-out soil. Remove another four to five feet of sod from around the planting hole.
Mix in compost to the soil at a rate of two parts soil to one part compost, only if you have heavy soil that does not drain well. If your soil drains well, amendments are not needed.
Fill the hole in with the dug out soil to the point that the tree will be at or slightly above the level it is planted in the container.
Carefully remove the tree from the container and set it in the planting hole. Adjust the soil as necessary to bring the tree up to ground level. Fill in around the roots with soil and hand tamp down to settle the soil.
Water completely after planting, ensuring the roots receive water. Water every other day for two weeks and then cut back to twice a week for two months. Water once a week from then on for the first three years. No water is necessary if it rains enough to wet the soil.
Fertilize the tree once a month during the first year with a fruit tree fertilizer. Follow manufacturer's directions on the amount of fertilizer to use.
Pull weeds for the first couple of weeks and then apply a 4-inch layer of bark mulch to the area where you dug away the sod. Keep the mulch at least eight inches from the trunk of the tree to prevent the moisture from rotting the trunk of the tree.