Native Plants of South Carolina

Native plants of South Carolina can grow in that state with relative ease. Native plants grow better in the environment because they are better equipped to survive in those conditions. Landscaping with native plants will help preserve and conserve the species while filling the garden with plants that are designed to grow well.

Sweetgum

The sweetgum, Liquidambar styraciflua, is from the witch hazel family. It is a perennial tree that gets up to 75 feet in height in landscapes and 130 feet in height in the wild. Leaves are glossy green and deciduous, turning purple and red in the fall. This is a fragrant tree with white and green flowers in March through May. Growing requirements are for partial shade and a moist soil under a pH of 6.8. Propagate via seed and by leaf cuttings.

Black Walnut

The black walnut, Juglans nigra, is from the walnut family. It is a deciduous tree that will get 50 to 75 feet in height on average with exceptions up to 150 feet tall. Leaves are alternate and 2 feet long, yellow green. These turn yellow in the fall. Flowers will be green, brown and yellow arriving in April. Growing conditions are for sun or partial shade in moist soil between 6.8 to 7.2 pH. Propagate via seed.

Mockernut Hickory

The mockernut hickory, Carya alba, is from the walnut family. It is a perennial tree that gets 50 to 60 feet tall on average and 100 feet tall with the exceptional. Leaves are compound and deciduous going from green to golden yellow. Yellow flowers will come in April. Growing conditions should be partial shade in moist soil under 6.8 pH. Propagate via seed or hardwood cuttings.

Eastern Bluestar

The eastern bluestar, Amsonia tabernaemontana, is from the dogbane family. It is a perennial herb that will get 1 to 3 feet tall. Leaves are green turning to golden yellow in the autumn. Flowers are tubular and blue, starshaped and form in clusters. Blooms appear in March to May. Growing conditions need to be partial shade in wet to moist soils. Propagate via seed.

Common Yarrow

The common yarrow, Achillea millefolium, is from the aster family. It is a perennial herb that will get 1 to 3 feet tall. Fernlike leaves are green and 3 to 5 inches long. Flowers are in clusters, with white or pink ray blooms, which appear April to September. Growing conditions need to be sun or partial shade in dry soils. There is some fragrance to the plant. Propagate via seed.

Keywords: native plants, South Carolina, landscaping

About this Author

Tina Samuels has been a full-time freelance writer for more than 10 years, concentrating on health and gardening topics, and a writer for 20 years. She has written for "Arthritis Today," "Alabama Living," and "Mature Years," as well as online content. She has one book, “A Georgia Native Plant Guide,” offered through Mercer University; others are in development.