Hostas grace gardens across the spectrum, offering enthusiasts a low-maintenance plant of stunning beauty with late-season light pink flowers. These wide-leafed herbaceous perennials thrive in shady areas but can tolerate dappled or partial sun. Hostas serve as a stalwart frame in many gardens, acting as an anchor plant for flowering perennials and annuals. This lovely plant comes in a wide variety of shades of green, including solid green leaves as well as variegated white or yellow leaf varieties. Choosing to add hosta to your home landscape will bring a treasured, beautiful addition to your gardens and a hardy plant that will propagate prolifically under the right conditions.
Read the tag provided with the type of hosta purchased at the local nursery. Mimic the growing conditions dictated on this label for the optimal planting environment for your hosta. Most prefer partial shade with some early morning sun exposure.
Till the garden area using a rototiller or shovel to a depth of 12 to 18 inches. Loosening the soil will benefit the spread of the hosta roots, helping the transplant become a permanent healthy fixture in your landscape.
Add 3 to 4 inches of peat moss to the garden soil and work it into the flower bed. Use a shovel or tiller to accomplish this task and rake the garden smooth.
Position the hosta plant in the pot into the garden. Allow plenty of room around the plant. Hostas expand quite nicely so allow at least 2 feet in all directions. Smaller plants will fill available space in four to five years after becoming completely established in the garden.
Lift the pot and dig a hole to the same depth as the potting container.
Use the trowel to tap on the outside of the transplant container to loosen compacted soil and roots. If necessary, cut away the plastic pot to expose the roots of the hosta. Loosen the soil around the root ball with your fingers or use a thin stream of water from the garden hose to free the roots.
Place the hosta into the planting hole so the top of the root ball lies about 1 inch below the garden surface. Fill in around the roots and compact the soil. Add more to bring the soil level even with the garden surface.
Mulch to a 3- to 4-inch depth around the hosta plant to retain water around this moisture-loving plant. Water the plant at the base of the main stalk where the stem enters the garden soil to encourage water retention deep into the soil.
Don't clip the long stems and flowers from the plant late in the growing season. Allow this long growth to wither as the weather cools.
Split hosta after four to five years if the plant becomes too large or encroaches on other plants. Dig up the entire hosta plant in the spring and tip the plant onto its side. Place a shovel into the center of the root mass and step down to slice off a portion of the roots and transplant the divisions in separate locations.