Honeysuckle Varieties

Honeysuckles are great additions to a landscape as they bring a variety of birds and butterflies to the yard and add fragrance. Honeysuckle vines can be shrubby or trailing, depending on their cultivar. If you choosing honeysuckle varieties for your trellis, fence, or as a spreading ground cover, then pick ones that are designed for the soil type and lighting that is in your landscape.

Cape Honeysuckle

Cape honeysuckle, Tecomaria capensis, is from the bignonia family. It is an evergreen vine that attracts hummingbirds. It has 6-inch long leaves and reddish orange to scarlet flowers in clusters in the fall through winter season. Cape honeysuckle can be pruned to a shrub form and grows 10 feet tall. As a vine, it can grow to 25 feet long. Plant this vine in full sun or light shade in well-drained soil. Propagate by cuttings and seed. It is USDA hardy in zones 9 to 11.

Coral Honeysuckle

Coral honeysuckle, Lonicera sempervirens, is also known as the trumpet honeysuckle and is from the honeysuckle family. It is an easy-to-grow vine that attracts songbirds, hummingbirds and butterflies. Coral honeysuckle has 1- to 3-inch smooth leaves and tubular flowers that are 2 inches long and red or orange (one cultivar has yellow flowers). Plant this vine in full sun or partial shade. Propagate coral honeysuckle via seed. It is USDA hardy in zones 4 to 10.

Winter Honeysuckle

Winter honeysuckle, Lonicera fragrantissima, is also known as the bush honeysuckle and is from the honeysuckle family. It is a fragrant bush that grows 6 to 8 feet tall. Leaves are evergreen in the southern United States and deciduous in the northern United States. Flowers are white and ½ inch long. Plant a winter honeysuckle in partial shade or full sun in well-drained soil. Propagate this plant via softwood shoots. It is hardy in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 9.

Japanese Honeysuckle

Japanese honeysuckle, Lonicera japonica, is also known as gold-and-silver flower or Hall's Japanese honeysuckle and is from the honeysuckle family. It is an easy-to-grow and fast-growing vine that is drought-resistant and attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. This woody vine can grow to 30 feet long with elliptical leaves 2 to 3 inches long. Flowers are tubular, 1 ½ inches long, and white that will get yellow. This plant's fruits are bluish-black berries. Plant Japanese honeysuckle in full sun to partial shade. Propagate this plant via seed or layering. It is USDA hardy in zones 4 to 10.

Keywords: honeysuckles, honeysuckle vine, honeysuckle varieties

About this Author

Tina Samuels has been a full-time freelance writer for more than 10 years, concentrating on health and gardening topics, and a writer for 20 years. She has written for "Arthritis Today," "Alabama Living," and "Mature Years," as well as online content. She has one book, “A Georgia Native Plant Guide,” offered through Mercer University; others are in development.