How to Make Flower Arrangements & Bows


Your garden will provide a wide array of fresh flowers that you can use to make flower arrangements with. Arrangements are a welcome decoration in any room, as a centerpiece for a dinner or a special gift for a friend or family member. It is important to choose flowers that are in bud, partial and full bloom for a long lasting floral arrangement. A bow made from ribbon, lace, raffia or fibers will add a nice finishing touch for your flower arrangement

Step 1

Cut the floral foam block to fit into the container. Use a plastic liner to protect the interior of a basket. Pour water onto the foam and let it soak into the material for at least an hour.

Step 2

Cut cedar, leather leaf, asparagus fern or evergreens and place the twigs into the foam at the sides and back of the container.

Step 3

Cut the stems of tall flowers such as snapdragons, stock, iris or gladiolus on a slant. Push the stems down into the floral foam at the back of the arrangement. Place the tallest flower in the center of the foam when making an arrangement that is round or rectangular and will be seen from all sides.

Step 4

Add shorter flowers including daisies, roses, zinnia, sunflower and hydrangea in front of the tall flowers.

Step 5

Cut filler flower sprigs or greenery and place them into any open spaces in the arrangement. Filler flowers are multi-blossoms on stems such as babies breath, German statice, bridal wreath, asters and statice.

Make a Bow

Step 1

Pull several inches of ribbon, lace or raffia from the spool or bundle. Hold the ribbon or material in one hand by pinching it between your thumb and forefinger, about six inches from the end.

Step 2

Make a four inch loop with the material and pinch it between your thumb and forefinger. Twist the material and form a loop on the opposite side of the first loop. Repeat to create four more loops.

Step 3

Hold a wired floral stick against the center of the bow that you are holding pinched between your fingers. Wrap the wire firmly around the center of the bow twice.

Step 4

Wrap the wire around the stick and around the bow center once more. Tightly wrap the remaining wire around the stick to secure the bow.

Step 5

Cut the end of the bow material on a slant. Fluff the bow loops.

Tips and Warnings

  • You must harden off or condition any fresh cut flowers from your garden or your floral design will wilt.

Things You'll Need

  • Container
  • Fresh flower foam
  • Knife
  • Ribbon, lace or raffia
  • Wired floral stick


  • Mahalo: How to arrange flowers
  • Save on crafts: How to make a perfect bow

Who Can Help

  • Save on crafts: Eight basic flower arrangements
  • The Gardener: Flower Arranging
Keywords: garden flowers, floral design, flower bows

About this Author

Suzie Faloon is a freelance writer who has written ad copy and online content for Demand Studios and Associated Content. As a professional crafter and floral designer, Faloon owned a florist business for nearly 25 years. She completed the Institute of Chilldren's Literature course in 1988.