Florida boasts a huge fruit tree industry. The most popular are orange and grapefruit trees. According to the Florida Department of Citrus, the industry brings in more than $9 billion dollars per year and employs 76,000 Floridians. More than 80 percent of the juice consumed in America derives from oranges grown in Florida. Other fruits grown in the sunshine state include persimmons, mangoes, avocados, peaches, grapes, guavas, figs and pineapples.
Know that Florida fruit trees must thrive in limestone or light sand soil types. They need to be able to grow in hot climates that do not experience freezing temperatures.
Choose to grow popular Florida orange trees such as Navel, Hamlin, Valencia, Pineapple and Ambersweet. The harvest season runs from October to June.
Look for white, fragrant blossoms that grow in clusters to identify Florida orange trees. The blossoms appear in the spring and are followed by the fruit in the autumn or winter.
Notice whether the fruit looks slightly larger than oranges, with flat spots on both ends. If so, the Florida fruit tree is grapefruit. The fruit's skin should be shades of green, white and pink. The most popular varieties are Ruby Red, Marsh, Thompson, Flame and Duncan. They grow from September through June.
Identify mangoes by their evergreen trees with rounded canopies. The fruit is oval, round or oblong in shape. Specialty fruit such as mangoes grow from October through April.