How to Make a Rock Pond


A rock pond can add natural beauty to your landscaping and can provide an environment for insects and wildlife. Rock ponds can feature plants, flowers and waterfalls. They are fairly easy to construct and can be built to incorporate a rock garden or a natural stream. They can also be designed and built in your flower garden. With a little planning and some natural materials you can create your own rock pond.

Step 1

Decide on a location for your pond. Use chalk to draw an outline on the ground where you will need to dig in order to place your pond. You may change your mind several times before deciding on the final design.

Step 2

Use a shovel and begin digging the area that you have chalked off. Dig down at least 1 1/2 to 2 feet deep for placement of the pond. Use a tamper to compact the soil after you have dug out the area. This will provide a stable area to place the rocks.

Step 3

Line the hole with a heavy gauge pond liner. These can be purchased at most home improvement stores. They come in many sizes and shapes so you will need to know the dimensions of your pond. Measure the area with a tape measure to get the length and width and depth of the hole. It's best that the liner be snug so that it will be less visible when it is filled with water. Cut away any excess liner before you begin placing your rocks.

Step 4

Begin laying your rocks in the pond. Put smaller rocks on top and stack them so that there are rocks above the surface of the water. Place rocks along the outside border to the wall of the pond to create a more natural look. Stagger the rocks so they look natural rather than placing them directly on top of one another. Have the rocks overlap one another.

Step 5

Cover the bottom of the pond with clean, round stones or more rocks to conceal the liner.

Step 6

Install a pond pump in your pond to filter the water and keep it clean. Follow the directions that came with your pump in order to place it in the right location and to get it working properly.

Step 7

Fill the pond with water and turn the pump on. You can add flowers and fish to complete the design.

Things You'll Need

  • Chalk
  • Shovel
  • Rocks
  • Tamper
  • Pond liner
  • Stones
  • Pond pump


  • Ron Hazelton: Rock Garden
Keywords: rock pond, design a rock ponds, pond design

About this Author

Melanie Hammontree has a master's in business and is working on a master's in journalism from the University of Tennessee. She is a member of the Society for Porfessional Journalists and has been writing for five years. Works include publications with Hall County Crime Examiner, Player's Press and The Gainesville Times.