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How to Graft Adeniums

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How to Graft Adeniums

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Overview

Adeniums are a family of plants that contain flowering trees such as plumeria. While adeniums can be propagated from seeds and cuttings, the fastest growing and greatest producing adeniums are grafted. Grafting is the process of combining small branches from one adenium plant with an established rootstock of another.

Step 1

Select the budwood and seedling. The budwood should be the same diameter or very close to that of the seedling being used as rootstock and should be free of disease. The budwood should be from a plant that is already producing flowers. For the best results and fastest growth, select budwood that is from the tree's most recent season.

Step 2

Cut a 1-inch diagonal cut into the end of the budwood. It should be cleanly made, without using any sawing motions.

Step 3

Slice off the top of the seedling in a diagonal motion and place the budwood evenly on top to form a solid trunk. Be sure to match up the cambial layers as closely as possible. The cambium is the green middle layer between the bark and wood and is how the plant transfers nutrients to all of its branches.

Step 4

Wrap the entire graft snugly with grafting tape so that it will not come apart.

Step 5

Remove the wrap once new growth forms on the budwood. This usually occurs in eight weeks.

Things You'll Need

  • 9-month-old adenium seedling
  • Budwood, 3 inches long
  • Grafting knife
  • Grafting tape

References

  • Plumeria Paradise: Plumeria and Adenium Grafting Tutorial
  • Tropica Nursery: Adenium Propagation
Keywords: adenium grafting, plumeria, grafting

About this Author

Ann White is a freelance journalist with prior experience as a Corporate and Business Attorney and Family Law Mediator. She has written for multiple university newspapers and has published over 300 articles for publishers such as EHow and Garden Guides. White earned her Juris Doctor from Thomas Jefferson School of Law and a Bachelor of Arts in English literature.