White flowers for the garden are a great way to create a one-color garden plot or to use as filler in a foliage garden. White flowers are cool, crisp and beautiful in all seasons. For choices in white garden plants, make sure that your soil is what your flower calls for (acidic, alkaline, neutral) or else your colors may change. White flowers are great border plants to "frame" a garden.
The Shasta daisy (Leucanthemum x superbum), is from the aster/daisy family. It is a perennial that is a popular cut flower. It will get 2 to 3 feet in height and spread into a clump 1 1/2 feet wide. Flowers are white and 2 to 5 inches wide. Leaves are 8 to 12 inches long and dark green. Grow Shasta daisy in well drained soils that are limey. Full sun is preferred with plenty of watering. Propagate via seed or by winter/early spring division.
The ginger lily, Hedychium coronarium, is from the ginger family. It is a fragrant, fast-growing perennial that will attract butterflies to the garden. It will get 3 to 7 feet tall. Leaves are 8 to 24 inches long and lance-shaped. Flowers are white and fragrant, in 6- to 12-inch clusters, coming in summer and fall. Seed pods are filled with red seeds. Grow ginger lily in partial shade to full sun with good soil. Propagate via 8-inch root pieces, replanted.
The foxglove, Digitalis purpurea, is from the figwort family. It is a great cut flower and is a short-lived perennial garden plant. Leaves are 5 to 10 inches long. Flowers are on stalks 3 to 5 feet tall. Tubular flowers are 2 inches long and in can be purple, yellow, cream, white, pink, or lavender. Cultivar 'alba' is the white flowered version. Flowers appear in spring and summer. Grow foxglove in moist acidic soil in partial shade. Propagate via summer or fall seed.
White Wild Indigo
The white wild indigo (Baptisia alba), is from the bean family. It is a drought-tolerant perennial. It can get 4 feet tall. White flower spikes 12 to 18 inches tall. Leaves are blue-green and in sets of three leaflets. Grow white wild indigo in full sun to partial sun. Soils need to be well drained with regular watering. Propagate via seed.
The whirling butterflies (Gaura lindheimeri), is the evening primrose family. It is an easy to grow perennial and drought-tolerant. It will get 2 to 4 feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide. Leaves are 1 to 3 inches long. Flowers are 1-inch wide and white. Flowers are on 8- to 24-inch spikes. Grow whirling butterflies in full sun in well-drained soil. Propagate via seed or by spring clump division.