Bamboo can add beauty, texture and character to a room. Because it naturally grows under the protection of a taller forest canopy, it often grows well in poor lighting conditions. Although almost any bamboo can grow indoors, selecting a variety suitable to the size of your growing space can make growing bamboo house plants easier.
Bamboo has been cultivated since prehistoric times. In earlier times, it was grown both as a building material and for food. In more modern times, bamboo is cultivated for decorative purposes. With over 1,500 species of bamboo worldwide, many areas have native bamboos, and many of those are grown ornamentally worldwide.
Although technically a form of water lily, lucky bamboo is commonly grown as an indoor houseplant. Even though it can grow in well-watered sand, most lucky bamboo is cultivated in water. Lucky bamboo symbolizes wealth, power and honor. Lucky bamboo responds well to regular applications of African violet fertilizers.
Many bamboos thrive in containers. Consider the height of your ceilings when selecting a variety. Bamboos ranging from dwarfs to full-size bamboo can grow in container. If growing a large bamboo indoors, you will likely need to prune the canes regularly. Bamboos have many different colors and textures to stalks, including woody-looking tans and browns and very green canes.
Select a bamboo suitable to your pot size and the height of your room. Dwarf bamboo can range from very low-growing bamboo that is only a few inches tall to plants between 1 and 3 feet tall. Moderately tall bamboo that grows to 4 to 6 feet is also suitable for indoor cultivation. Even some taller bamboos will grow well if pruned properly.
Whatever size bamboo you choose, be sure to select an appropriately sized and shaped pot to accommodate the roots. Some bamboos have a natural tendency to deep roots and benefit from a deep pot.
Many bamboos have roots that grow very aggressively. In many cases, you will need to remove your bamboo from the pot every couple of years and either prune the roots or remove some bamboo to prevent root bind. Container-grown bamboos often need additional fertilizers. Adding organic fertilizers like seed meal or fish emulsion can help keep your bamboo healthy.