Vermiculture, or worm castings, are a natural, organic fertilizer that improves soil structure and texture, as well as aeration, and increases the soil's capacity to hold water. Through the process of vermicomposting, you can decompose paper, yard refuse and kitchen waste while increasing organic matter and nutrients in your garden soil, thus producing stronger, healthier plants. Vermiculture is beneficial to house plants, as well, being much more nutrient rich than potting soil. Vermiculture includes both worm castings, produced through vermicomposting, that are added directly to your soil, and the liquid worm compost tea fertilizer that is produced as a nutrient-rich byproduct used to give plants an extra boost.
Vermiculture as Soil Conditioner
Vermiculture improves soil texture and helps soil to retain moisture in the garden and in plant containers. Mix vermicompost with equal amounts of peat moss, garden soil and sand to create the perfect garden loam.
Vermiculture and Plant Nutrition
Vermiculture provides a natural organic fertilizer and a tremendous source of nutrients for plants, improving the texture and productivity of soil, which replaces valuable nutrients taken out of the soil when fruit and vegetables are harvested. Vegetables and fruits grown with vermiculture have been shown to grow larger and often taste better.
Vermiculture Protects Plants
Vermiculture helps to build plant resistance to diseases such as grape and squash mildew, and tomato blight. Less occurrence of these plant diseases results in stronger, healthier plants.
Vermiculture as Natural Organic Fertilizer
As a natural organic fertilizer, you never have to be concerned about toxins found in many traditional fertilizers with vermiculture. Vermiculture adds beneficial organisms, nutrients, trace elements and enzymes to the soil that sustain healthy plant life and vital plant growth. These microorganisms help break down organic materials and convert nutrients into a more available form for plant food.
Worm Compost Tea
Regular applications of worm compost tea, made by seeping vermicompost in water for 24 hours, helps combat these diseases and provides valuable nutrients for your plants. Worm compost tea is beneficial to the health of vegetables, fruits and trees and enhances growth all around.