The Neofinetia falcata orchids, or Japanese Wind orchids, are a class of Dendrobium orchid from East Asia. They include some rather pricey cultivars with show-stopping flowers, some varieties of which are fragrant. Many orchids in this group have white flowers, but some are pink with a white tip or white with a pink tinge. The rare Aojiku Fugaku variety has yellow stripes on its leaves. Others have green flowers, some with fine red stripes. You'll need to provide this special orchid with the correct light, temperature, humidity, water and fertilizer it needs in order for it to produce its stunning flowers.
Plant your Neofinetia in long-fibered sphagnum moss in a pot with a drainage hole. Wrap the moss around the plant's root ball and then pack it into its pot using more moss. Also, leave the base of this orchid above the top of the pot to prevent root rot. See Tips for alternate containers in which you can plant this orchid. See Reference #2 for other types of potting mixtures you can use.
Keep your Neofinetia in an area that receives medium light. If you measure the light with a light meter, this orchid prefers 1,500-3,000 foot-candles. Keep your plant six to eight inches below a fluorescent light if you are growing it under artificial light. In summer, this orchid enjoys being outdoors in an area that has filtered sunlight.
Provide a temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit or higher in the daytime and 10 to 15 degrees less at night. Although Neofinetia is tolerant of winter temperatures into the 30s, it's best to maintain a 65-degree-F temperature during winter days.
Maintain a humidity of 40 to 60 percent by using a humidity tray or room humidifier.
Water with rainwater or distilled water and never artificially softened water. Allow your plant to dry out slightly between waterings and water it less during winter.
Fertilize every other time you water your Neofinetia during spring and summer and reduce your fertilizer to once a month in winter. Use a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10.