Plants that bloom in the spring give gardeners the first signs of the new growing season. Spring flowers such as iris and toadshade break ground in the height of soils brushing off the cold weather and have the first blooms of the season. Spring plants should be planted in fall for the following growing year.
Bearded iris, Iris germanica, is from the iris family. It is a fragrant and easy-to-grow perennial also known as common flag and German iris. Flowers are on stalks up to 3 feet in height. Leaves are basal and sword shaped, 2 feet in length. Colors are white, yellow, blue or purple. Grow in any soil with morning sun and afternoon shade. Propagate via rhizome division. It is hardy in USDA hardiness zones 4 to 10.
Strawberry, Fragaria x ananassa, is from the rose family. Plants are 4 to 6 inches tall with toothed leaves and white or pink flowers. Fruits are edible strawberries. Grow in full sun in sandy, well-drained soils that retain moisture. Propagate via plantlets at the end of the runners.
Carpet bugleweed, Ajuga reptans, is from the mint family. It is a fast-growing perennial in a groundcover form. Leaves are basal and dark green, 3 to 5 inches in length. Flowers are ½ inch long, on spikes, and tubular. Grow in poor heavy soils in partial- to full-shade conditions. Propagate via stolons or by seed for large areas.
Lenten rose, Helleborus orientalis, is from the buttercup family. It is an evergreen perennial. Dark green leathery leaves are 18 inches in length. Flowers are 2 to 3 inches wide in white or a greenish white color. The whole plant can get 16 to 20 inches in height. Grow in light to full shade in woodsy soil. Propagate via seed or by division.
Purple toadshade, Trillium underwoodii, is from the lily family. It is a perennial that is sometimes known as sweet Betsy. There is a stem that will reach 8 to 12 inches high with a single flower. Leaves are light green and 2 to 4 inches long. Flowers are greenish, maroon, brown, or yellow and smell spicy. Grow in neutral to alkaline soils in shade conditions. Propagate via seed or rhizome division.