Bamboo can be an invasive plant, and some people avoid using it since it can be a nuisance to get rid of later. However, it is a fantastic privacy border, and you can use it for food and poles once it's established. The easiest way to avoid it becoming an invasive plant in your yard is by planting the clumping type of bamboo instead of the running type. To plant bamboo for barriers, just follow these steps.
Dig up a section from an existing bamboo clump or order some from a nursery. Check with your local college extension office to find out which ones are hardy for your area. There are cultivars that are developed to withstand the freezing winters of New England as well as types that grow well in the south.
Keep the root ball moist by wrapping it in plastic and keeping in in the shade while you prepare the site. Dig an area just as deep as the plants were in the ground previously. Make it a little wider on all sides to loosen the soil for the roots to spread out.
Set the roots in place about 5 feet from each other along the area that you want to become a barrier. Replace the dirt that you initially removed from the hole that has since been mixed with some well-rotted compost. Bamboo is similar to grass in that it will tolerate almost any conditions but will respond well to sunshine, water and fertile soil.
Water the planted bamboo every couple of days with a good soaking of water. Stake up any tall clumps that might blow over in a strong wind. Although you can plant bamboo almost any time during the growing season, plant it well before the winter frosts.