Peat moss, a spongy plant harvested from swamp bogs, is an organic material you can add to your garden. Peat moss conditions soil, allowing it to absorb air and water like a sponge. Add peat moss to compost, as it enhances compost but it is not a replacement for it. Peat moss is lightweight and easy to work with--it expands to twice the package size when opened, since it is sold compressed. Application is simple and completed quickly.
Till soil with rototiller or rake 6 to 8 inches down.
Remove weeds and rocks from soil. Pull weeds by hand or loosen them with your rake before pulling. Sort through the soil to find rocks; remove or loosen the rocks with a rake if the rocks were not dislodged from tilling.
Empty bags of peat moss on top of soil until you have a 1- to 2-inch layer. Use rototiller or rake to mix peat moss into the top 6 to 8 inches of soil.
Rake area level, moving the rake across the soil until soil appears smooth and level.
Water the soil well--water until the top layer of soil appears completely covered and saturated.