While bamboo is actually a grass is appears more like a shrub or tree because of its thick, woody stems and clusters of green leaves. Many bamboo types are invasive, and the rhizomes quickly spread underground to unwanted areas of the garden. One way to control this is to plant your bamboo in pots. Container grown bamboo are controlled but still add their graceful appearance to the garden. They can be located on patios and decks or placed out on pathways in the garden.
Choose a large planter, at least 5 gallons, that has straight sides and a large opening. Use containers that have drainage holes in the bottom so they don't collect water and damage the plant.
Fill the container with a nutrient-rich potting soil. Make your own by mixing one part compost, one part peat moss and one part standard potting soil. Water the soil until it is evenly moist throughout.
Dig a hole in the center of the potting medium as deep as the root system of the bamboo clump you are potting. Set the clump in the hole and firm the soil around it. Water immediately after planting to collapse any air pockets in the soil around the roots.
Place the bamboo in an area that receives at least 5 hours of sunlight a day. Bamboo will tolerate partial shade but grows best in full sun.
Water as needed to keep the soil moist at all times as containers dry out more quickly than garden beds. Check soil moisture daily and water when it begins to dry.