Strawberries can be categorized according to their fruiting habits: June-bearing (fruit once a year), everbearing (fruit in spring and late summer or fall), and day neutral (fruit continuously -- June through September). Strawberries grow best in organically rich, well-drained soil and require full sun. In mild climates, plant strawberries in late summer or early fall. While in zones 1 through 5, plant strawberries in early spring. These are the recommended planting times, but you should only plant strawberries in the summer if you live in a mild climate. The plants reach heights of 6 to 8 inches and a spread of 1 foot.
Prepare the plant bed by loosening the soil with a hand-held garden cultivator. Break up any clumps of soil.
Amend with clay or sand soil that is heavy by adding compost and work it into the soil. The soil should have the consistency of the soil in a bag of potting soil.
Dig a hole 3 to 4 inches deep for each strawberry plant and put a small mound of soil in the center of the hole. Space the holes 15 to 18 inches apart.
Place the strawberry plant in the hole on top of the small mound of soil. Fill the hole with soil. Press it in lightly so as not to damage the plant. Keep the crown of the plant above ground and bury all of the roots.
Even out the soil of the planting bed with a hand-held cultivator.
Cover the plant bed with 1 to 2 inches of mulch such as cedar bark.
Water the plants thoroughly and frequently. Strawberries need a deep soaking during the growing season.