How to Seed & Till a Lawn


Whether starting a new lawn or killing an old lawn and restarting from scratch, anyone can perform a seeding project. The process has few steps, and can usually be completed in one day. The most important thing to remember is to follow all the steps.

Step 1

Rake the entire area with the leaf rake to remove stones and other debris. Removing this now will make it easier for the lawn to grow in and be softer.

Step 2

Rake the entire area with the hard metal rake to loosen the top inch of soil. There is no need to loosen deeper than 1 inch.

Step 3

Spread the starter fertilizer according to the package directions. Consult a local landscape pro to determine the proper starter fertilizer for the area and grass seed type.

Step 4

Spread the seed with the walk-behind spreader. Use the proper setting for the seed type and coverage. When spread properly, each square inch should hold no more than five seeds.

Step 5

Rake the entire area with the leaf rake to work the seed and fertilizer into the soil. Do not attempt to bury all the seed. The seeds on top and just below the surface will germinate first.

Step 6

Cover the entire area with straw to protect the seeds from birds and from drying out.

Step 7

Water the entire area for 20 minutes. Make sure the area remains moist, not soaked, for two weeks after seeding.

Tips and Warnings

  • Limit traffic in the area until the yard is well established, about four weeks. Do not mow until the new grass is 4 inches tall.

Things You'll Need

  • Stiff metal rake
  • Leaf rake
  • Bales of straw
  • Seed
  • Starter fertilizer
  • Walk-behind spreader
  • Yard sprinkler


  • Pick Seeding a Lawn
Keywords: lawn seed, grass seed, new lawn