When it's time to trim overgrown plants or if you simply want to share a portion of a plant, taking a cutting is the proper course of action. Plants that have matured and that are cut or trimmed on a regular basis are more likely to stay healthy, having a better capacity to develop new growth. Taking cuttings of plants is a common and easy gardening task that the recipient or vigorously growing plant is very likely to thank you for.
Take the cuttings at the proper time of the day; early morning is best. (Plant stems are turgid, meaning they have not begun to dry out from warmer, midday temperatures.) Make cuttings from a softwood or semi-hardwood plant when temperatures are cooler, between 60 and 70 degrees is ideal.
Inspect the plant to find moderately vigorous shoots. Use the pruning knife to cut a 4-to-6-inch cutting, preferably from the top of the plant. Cut the shoot at a slant just below a node. Remove any leaves from the lower part of the cutting.
Help the cuttings to root faster by dipping the base of the cutting in a root hormone. (Each cutting should be dipped into a separate container of rooting hormone to prevent any possible contamination a cutting may have.) Put the cuttings into a plastic bag. Close the plastic bag and secure it with a rubber band. Wrap wet paper towels around the bags to provide the cuttings with some moisture until they are ready to be planted.