Directions for Planting Peonies


Peonies are big, colorful flowers that grow all over the United States. There are several different species of peonies that come in a variety of shapes, colors and sizes. No matter what your preferences are when it comes to flowers, you are likely to find a peony that fits your tastes. Peonies grow from a thick clump of roots, out of which several stems grow. In order for peonies to bloom and flourish, they must be planted a special way.

Step 1

Choose a planting spot that gets between six and eight hours of sunlight per day. The spot should also be away from trees, bushes or any other type of large plants. An open area facing southeast is an ideal planting site. However, if you live in a hot climate, it would be beneficial for the peony to get afternoon shade.

Step 2

Prepare the soil for the peonies. Plant each peony 3 feet apart to ensure they have plenty of room to grow. Dig a hole about 1-foot deep and 8-inches wide for each peony. Break up the soil from the holes with a shovel to remove any clumps.

Step 3

Mix in compost with the soil. A good ratio to use is one-part compost to three-parts soil. Fill the holes in with the new compost and soil mixture. Do not pack the soil down as this can restrict root growth.

Step 4

Dig holes in each planting site according to the size of the peony roots. The buds on the roots should be no more than 2 inches below the surface. If you plant it any deeper than this, the plant may not grow.

Step 5

Water the soil so it is moist to the touch. When you water the peony roots, add the water at the same rate that the soil soaks it up. If water is added too quickly, you could drown and kill the root. Water the soil twice per day to ensure it stays moist at all times.

Things You'll Need

  • Shovel
  • Compost
  • Peony roots
  • Water


  • In Depth Info: Peonies
  • University of Rhode Island Landscape Horticulture Program: Peonies
Keywords: plant peonies, planting peonies, peony planting guide

About this Author

Kenneth Coppens is a part-time freelance writer and has been for one year. He currently writes for Demand Studios, eHow, Associated Content and is the Indianapolis Craft Beer Expert for Examiner.