Nursery-grown, containerized peach trees that are 3-4 years old and fruit bearing are often sold in the late spring and summer when young fruit has already begun to set. Plant them in a culturally appropriate ground soil location as soon as possible after purchase. When handled carefully during transport and planting and then monitored closely for water after planting, they will survive the transplant process easily and will likely retain much of the fruit on the tree.
Prepare the Planting Site
Peaches require a full sun exposure with good fresh air flow around the tree but protection from heavy winds. Refrain from planting your peach trees in low areas where cold air can settle. Opt instead for a high ground location where cold air can drain away from the tree. The planting soil should be nutrient-rich, with a smooth humus and easy draining capacity.
Amend weak soil with several pounds each of well-aged livestock manure and good quality compost before planting. Amend the soil if needed to adjust the soil pH to roughly 6.5, which is what peaches prefer.
Transplant the Peach Tree
Prepare a planting hole for the fruit-laden peach three that is large in relation to the size of the root ball. You want the tree roots to be able to spread rapidly in loose, friable soil. Dig the hole at least twice the diameter and a foot deeper than the container itself.
Slide the tree out of its nursery pot and set gently in the hole. Add compost and manure under the root ball enough to raise it level or just a 1/4 inch proud of the surrounding soil surface. Fill in the soil gently around the roots, packing it lightly to ensure there are no air pockets. Creating a watering moat will help ensure adequate irrigation during the establishment period.
Watering & Fertilizer Application
Water your newly planted peach tree until drenched. Fill the watering moat once allowing the water to percolate down and then fill the moat a second time on the day of planting.
Refrain from fertilizing your newly transplanted peach tree 7 to 10 days to reduce stress and let the tree settle into its new surroundings. Feed with a half pound of 10-10-10 slow-release fertilizer formula after that period, repeating that same application roughly 40 days after planting. Always apply fertilizer at least 10 inches away from the trunk in a wide doughnut formation that extends to a few inches past the drip line of the tree canopy.
Increase feeding amounts in the second year after planting to 3/4 pound of 10-10-10 in March and again in May. Always drench-water your peach tree after each application of fertilizer.