Pretty flowers, those grown for their blooms alone and not their foliage, are good for container gardening or for cut flower gardens. Once cut they have their beauty maximized by display with a vase. Growing flowers specifically for arrangements or for a spectacular outdoor display will need the best floral bang for the buck.
Phaius tankervilliae, also referred to as the nun orchid or the swamp orchid, is from the orchid family. It is a perennial that is good for indoor use or container gardening. It will have 3 foot long leaves and 3 to 4 feet tall flower stalks. Flowers are clustered and reddish brown. It is very fragrant. Plant a nun orchid in light or filtered shade in moist well drained acidic soil. Propagate via division.
Dahlia spp., also referred to as the dahlia or the garden dahlia, is from the aster/daisy family. It is a fragrant perennial that is good for container gardening or in cut flower gardens. It can get up to 4 to 6 feet tall with ray flowers in white, red, purple, orange, yellow or pink. Flowers are 2 to 10 inches wide. Plant a dahlia in full sun with a well drained soil and plenty of water. Propagate by spring tuber division or by seed.
Gladiolus spp., also referred to as a gladiolus or sword lily, is from the iris family. It is a perennial that is good for a cut flower garden. Leaves are sword shaped and flowers are on spikes. Flowers can be red, purple, pink, orange, green, yellow, white or mauve. The entire plant will get between 3 and 5.5 feet tall, depending on cultivar. Plant a gladiolus in full sun or partial shade and may need stalking to not bend. Propagate via seed in spring or separate the cormlets (root system).
Hippeastrum hybrids, also referred to as amaryllis, are from the amaryllis family. It is a perennial good for indoor use, container gardening or cut flower gardens. It has 6 inch wide flowers with dark green leaves 16 to 20 inches long. Stems are 18 to 20 inches tall. There can be a varied range of colors and shapes. Plant an amaryllis in filtered sun and shade with a well drained soil. Propagate via bulb offsets or by bulbs.
Leucanthemum x superbum, also referred to as a Shasta daisy, is from the aster/daisy family. It is a perennial that is good for cut flower gardens. It will get 2 to 3 feet tall and 1.5 feet wide. Flowers are white and 2 to 5 inches wide from summer to fall. Leaves are 8 to 12 inches long, evergreen and strap-like. Plant a Shasta daisy in well drained soil with full sun with good moisture. Propagate via winter or spring division or by seed.
Tulipa spp., also referred to as a tulip, is from the lily family. It is a perennial that is good for container gardening and cut flower gardens. Leaves are strap-like and flowers are on a central stem. There is every color of tulip available but "true blue." Plant a tulip in full sun with good moisture. Propagate via offset bulb division.