Vermicomposting Instructions


Vermicomposting, or worm composting, is a good way of quickly converting household waste into usable, organic material for your gardens, vegetables, or plants. In worm composting, you place egg shells and plant waste in a bin with worms. The worms consume the waste, creating worm excrement, or casings, that are very good for your plants and soil. By using worm composting techniques, you can create organic fertilizers and reduce the pressure on landfills by reducing the waste going into them.

Step 1

Prepare your worm bin. Worms tend to not like temperatures below 40 degrees Fahrenheit or above 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Place your worm bin in a sheltered location. If you aren't using a commercially made worm compost bin, make one by drilling holes in the sides and bottom of one of two identical plastic bins. Cover the holes with screed to prevent worm escape. Place bricks in the bottom of the undrilled bin and slip the drilled bin inside. The bricks should raise the bin up high enough allow air to circulate through the holes.

Step 2

Put wet, shredded paper in the bin. The paper should be wet, but not dripping.

Step 3

Add worms. How many worms will depend on the size of your bin and the amount of waste you are able to provide as food per day. On average, 1 lb. of worms can consume 1/2 lb. of kitchen waste per day. If you are using a commercial worm bin, check the manufacturer's recommendations. Give the worms a few days to begin to convert the shredded paper to compost.

Step 4

Add kitchen waste after the worms have begun to convert the shredded paper to compost.

Things You'll Need

  • Worm composting bin
  • Shredded paper
  • Worms
  • Kitchen waste


  • Crafting Green World: How to Build a Worm Compost Bin
  • New York Times: Urban Composting - A New Can of Worms
  • Cornell Waste Management Institute: Composting
Keywords: vermicomposting, worm composting, worm bin

About this Author

Christopher Earle is a freelance writer based in Denver, Colo. He has been writing since 1987 and has written for NPR, The Associated Press, the Boeing Company, Ford New Holland, Microsoft, Active Voice, RAHCO International and Umax Data Systems. He studied creative writing at Mankato State University in Minnesota.