List of Endangered Plants

Plants can be endangered when they are threatened with extinction. Many times their natural habitat is stripped for roads, construction, or by wildlife consumption or fire. Planting endangered plants can help keep their viability raised and extend their life cycle. Think of planting of a native garden with threatened flowers from your area as a focal piece to environmental issues or just as a gardener's way of giving back.

Needle Palm

The needle palm, also known as the porcupine palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix), is an evergreen palm good for shade, indoor use or for container gardening. It is listed with the state of Florida as "endangered." It gets to 6 feet tall with multiple stems. Needles will be dark brown or black, 4 to 10 inches long. Leaves are 4 feet long with tops being green and bottoms being silver/white. Tiny flowers are yellow to purplish-brown. Seeds are red or brown and fuzzy. Plant a needle palm in moist, well-drained soil in full to partial shade. Propagate via clump division or by seed. It is a low-maintenance plant.

Ashe Magnolia

The ashe magnolia, also known as the big leaf magnolia (Magnolia macrophylla subsp. ashei), is a fragrant tree. It will rarely get any taller than 20 feet. It has leaves 1 to 2 feet long with 10- to 12-inch fragrant cream-white, saucer-shaped flowers. Fruits are pinkish purple. Plant an ashe magnolia in shade or full sun in rich, moist, well-drained soil. Propagate via seed after fleshy pulp is removed or by early summer greenwood cuttings.

Blunt Leaved Peperomia

The blunt leaved peperomia, also known as the baby rubber plant (Peperomia obtusifolia), is an evergreen perennial that is good for shady spots, indoor use or container gardening. Stems are 6 to 9 inches tall with 1- to 6-inch dark green leaves (or variegated leaves). Green-white flowers are located on 2- to 4-inch spikes. Fruits are small and oval. Plant a blunt leaved peperomia in organic soil with medium shade or filtered light. It does well in high humidity. Propagate via stem cuttings, leaf cuttings or by division.

Woody Goldenrod

The woody goldenrod, also known as the shrub goldenrod (Chrysoma pauciflosculosa), is an evergreen, drought-tolerant shrub. It grows to 2 to 3 feet tall and 3 to 4 feet wide. Stems are gray; leaves are grayish green and 2 inches long. Flowers bloom in late summer and are yellow. Plant a woody goldenrod in full sun. Propagate via spring tip cuttings and winter seed collecting.

Pitcherplant

The pitcherplant, also known as the eastern North American pitcherplant (Sarracenia spp.), is a wetland perennial. Height ranges from 4 inches to 3 feet tall. Flowers appear in spring and are on stalks. Plant a pitcherplant in full sun in wet soil. Propagate via seed or spring division.

Keywords: planting endangered plants, threatened flowers, environmental issues

About this Author

Tina Samuels has been a full-time freelance writer for more than 10 years, concentrating on health and gardening topics, and a writer for 20 years. She has written for "Arthritis Today," "Alabama Living," and "Mature Years," as well as online content. She has one book, “A Georgia Native Plant Guide,” offered through Mercer University; others are in development.