Composting is the method of reusing kitchen and household scrap to create compost- an organic matter packed with essential nutrients for the soil. Worms such as red wigglers are an important part of the composting process because they help breakdown or decompose waste, thus creating it sooner. Small children can also benefit from a worm compost bin, learning important lessons such as decomposition, recycling, habitats, food chains, mini-beasts and organic material. Getting them involved in the entire process will teach them about responsibility as well.
Purchase a 2-liter ice cream or margarine tub with a tight fitting lid. Use a sharp pointed knife to punch 1/4-inch holes over the body, lid and base of the container, spaced 3 inches apart.
Take a standard size white printer paper and fold it in half. Cut over the fold mark with a sharp pair of scissors. Place one of the halves in front of you and the other aside.
Shred the half in front of you into ¼-inch wide strips. You can roughly estimate the required width and shred, or measure and mark lines on the paper with pencil and cut over them.
Keep the shredded paper strips in a shallow bowl and pour a cup of water over them. Allow the paper to absorb the water for up to five minutes, and then drain it out by squeezing it in your hand. This will serve as moist bedding for the worms.
Place the paper strips into the tub, spreading them evenly. Throw a spoonful of garden dirt over the paper to help the worms digest their food.
Add food scrap into your tub. These can include leftover fruit and vegetables, peels, coffee filters, eggshells, bread, cereal and tea bags. You can place them together or spread them over the paper strips.
Add 10 to 12 red worms into your bin. You can either purchase them from a nursery or garden supply center, or collect them from your garden early in the morning. To do this, place a wet cardboard on your garden at night. Red worms usually live under the top surface of the soil and will tunnel up to feast on the cardboard.
Place the worms in the bin and cover the lid to prevent them from crawling out.
Keep the bin in a cool location away from direct sunlight, such as a kitchen, basement or garage.