Easter lilies are dramatic, trumpet-like flowers indigenous to Japan. They often adorn American tables in mid-April and are a recognizable sign of Easter. The North American tradition of growing lilies for Easter is unique, as lilies naturally bloom in the summer months. In order to grow lilies in time for the Easter holiday, you should have access to a greenhouse and storage bulbs from the previous season. Begin by planting your bulbs in January to ensure a plentiful harvest by Easter.
Find the right growing location. Easter lilies prefer cool air temperatures between 60 and 65 degrees F and can withstand slightly cooler temperatures at night. They should be grown in a greenhouse or other space with plenty of indirect light and protection from frost.
Plan to start your lilies in early January. With the proper care, flowers should bloom within 14 weeks.
Fill a standard size pot--at least 6 inches tall--with equal parts peat moss, perlite and loamy soil.
Place a bulb with the skinny part facing up in the center of the soil. Bury the bulb 2 inches below the soil surface with at least 1 inch of soil below its base.
Thoroughly water the bulb immediately after planting. Continue to water on a regular basis so as not to let the soil dry.
Keep soil temperature between 60 and 63 degrees F. Shoots should begin to show in about 2 weeks.
Once shoots emerge, apply a fertilizer with a 20-10-20 formula on a regular basis. Follow the package instructions carefully to prevent root burn.