Container gardening has expanded the scope of gardening, allowing people with no garden space, poor soil conditions or who lack the time and effort to invest in a full-scale gardening operation to grow beautiful flowers, plants or vegetables. There are many types of containers available in the market that are made from a variety of material to suit individual tastes and preferences. You can fill a container with similar flowers, or mix a variety of different colors for a delightful container garden.
Decide where in your house you want to place your pot so you can purchase it accordingly. Choose between clay, plastic, wood, stone or ceramic to create a container garden indoors or outside. It should be deep and wide enough to allow roots to spread and prevent flowers from overcrowding. Make sure the container has 1/4- to 1/2-inch drainage holes in the base.
Consider the requirements for sunlight, water and food of different plants and purchase accordingly so your container garden can survive and bloom. Notice different textures, colors and shapes, and visualize how they will look in your pot. Purchase a blend of tall and trailing plants from your local nursery to make a colorful and appealing pot.
For a pot placed outdoors in full sunlight to partial shade, purchase flowers such as zinnia, marigold and salvia. On the other hand, select shade-loving ferns, impatiens and coleus for a container indoors or in shade.
Wear your gloves and fill the container with good quality porous potting mix until 2 to 3 inches below the rim. Avoid using garden soil that is heavy and does not drain well in a pot. You can even use equal amounts of garden soil, peat moss and sand, with some slow release fertilizer.
Remove plants from their nursery containers and dig holes for them in the large pot with a hand trowel, spacing them 4 inches apart. Make sure the root ball is in level with the surrounding soil surface. Plant taller ones in the middle of the pot, with smaller or trailing ones on the sides, in descending order. This arrangement will enhance the look of the pot by making it look symmetrical, while also ensuring all the flowers get equal sunlight.
Keep the mature size of each plant in mind so you do not overcrowd your pot. A 4-inch spacing will fill it up for a burst of color when all the flowers bloom.
Place any stakes or trellises to support any climbing flowers in the pot. Secure the flower to it with garden wire.