Bamboo is notoriously hardy and easy to care for. It is disease and pest resistant, and with a little sun, water and nutritious soil, it does well as a domestic plant. In fact, the biggest problem that you are likely to have with your bamboo is that it is too healthy. Bamboo is the fastest growing plant in the world, and it can spread aggressively. Therefore, one of the most important aspects of domestic bamboo care is keeping the plant contained.
Water bamboo frequently. The soil should be kept consistently moist (not soaking) with regular watering.
Fertilize and protect your bamboo. A 6-inch layer of aged compost will not only feed your bamboo plants, but it will protect its roots from temperature fluctuations and help the soil to retain moisture.
Thin mature bamboo. Dense bamboo groves should be thinned in late fall or early winter to improve access to sunlight. Cut damaged stalks and stalks that are 3 to 5 years old at ground level with pruning shears. Thin clumping bamboo by removing old or damaged stalks in the center of the clump to make room for new growth.
Contain running bamboo with a root barrier. Install the root barrier 2 feet beneath the soil, tilted away from the grove slightly. Overlap adjoining sections by 2 or 3 inches. Uproot any bamboo rhizomes that manage to escape the barrier.