Blueberries are an ideal addition to any garden, and are actually one of the easiest berry bushes to grow on a garden or landscape. They can grow quickly with beautiful small, white flowers and dark violet lush berries packed with antioxidants, and get over 5 feet tall. There are some key tips to keep in mind when planting and caring for blueberry bushes.
Pick an ideal planting site for the blueberry bushes. They grow best in full sun with sandy soil that is tilled. The soil also needs to be well-drained with good aeration. You want there to be no crowded plants nearby, as blueberries have shallow roots and won't be able to compete with deeper-rooted plants or trees. Blueberry plants need a pH of 4.0 to 5.0 to thrive. If your soil is not this pH, you can balance it out by visiting your local gardening store and seeing what works best for your region and soil.
Plant blueberries in the spring season after the last frost passes. Add a generous amount of peat moss to the hole to make it more nutrient-rich and to ensure soil acidity levels. You want the hole to be twice as wide as the blueberry bush root ball in order to accommodate the rapid root growth. Plant each blueberry bush 6 to 8 feet apart, and make sure to pack the soil firmly around the roots. Keep in mind that the more blueberry bushes you plant, the more bountiful the harvest will be.
Net the blueberry bushes with bird netting during harvest season to protect the ripe berries from the birds.
Harvest blueberries at their peak from mid-July to September. First, the berries turn green, then red, then blue. Do your best to leave the berries on the bush for a couple of days after they turn blue, as they will increase in size and juicy flavor (just remember to net the plants as stated in Step 3). Use a gentle twisting motion to pick the berries into containers.