When planning to plant a particular garden or garden bed, it is important to plan the design before you start planting. Sketching the overall design can help you envision how the garden will look when it has grown in and help you avoid potential problems like inadvertently planting a tall plant in front of a shorter plant.
Xeriscaping is the creation of gardens using local, native plants that reduce or, in some cases, completely remove the need for garden watering. Xeriscape gardens use a combination of rock and plants that can survive with the natural rainfall in a particular area. Xeriscaping offers a number of unique layout possibilities because of its combining of plant and mineral elements. When laying out a xeriscape garden, place taller grasses and plants in the center or toward the back of the garden space. Mid-height native plants can go in the center or the garden and shorter naive plants at the front or around the edges. Consider interspersing rock and gravel between areas to create a visual differentiation.
Flower Garden Layouts
You have a number of different options for laying out your flower gardens. You can do an English garden layout where flowers are planted closer together and allowed to grow with a natural feel. If you prefer a more manicured flower garden layout, you can create distinct areas for each variety of flower and separate areas using gravel, soil, other well trained flowers, or brick. Whatever style you choose, try to place taller flowers either at the back or center of your garden plot with mid-height flowers in the middle. Low growing, smaller flowers are usually best around the outside or at the front of your flower garden.
Vegetable Garden Layouts
You have several options for vegetable garden layout. Some crops, like peas, beans and corn, are best suited for a traditional row based vegetable garden. However, many vegetables are well suited for plating in small squares. Root vegetables, like carrots, radishes, or potatoes, are ideally suited for close planting in a small, easily accessed square or rectangular patch. Green leafy vegetables also do well in intensively gardened patches. By arranging patches around each other, you can ensure easy access to each intensively gardened patch. You can combine intensive patch gardening with traditional row gardening for vegetables not suited to patch gardening. If you choose to garden using intensive patches, be sure to add 30 percent composted manure or compost before planting and regularly add compost or fertilizer. By growing vegetables in intensive patches, the soil will become exhausted without regular fertilization.