Every homeowner knows the significance of a lush, green lawn. It makes the house and landscape stand out and provides endless hours of pleasure outside. However, even with hard work, commitment and dedication, lawn problems can occur that cause it to look unappealing and unkempt. Such problems should be dealt with immediately before they get out of control and require the help of a professional gardener and landscaper.
Look for causes of damage to your lawn. These can be holes created by gophers and moles or dead spots due to foot traffic, dog urine or over-watering or over-feeding.
Drive gophers away by inserting one end of a garden hose into a hole, then affixing the other end over a power mower exhaust in which you have placed oil. Smoke will fill all the trails, making the hole entrances visible. Seal all holes with soil. Crush mounds made by moles to deter them, or catch them with mole traps.
Identify the causes of brown spots and treat them. Divert traffic off your lawn by making a trail with stepping stones or installing posts with chicken wire around the turf. To counteract too much fertilizer, extreme sunlight or dog urine, water the diameter of the spot, plus a few inches around it, ensuring it goes deep into the soil. Small sections of lawn affected by fungus will heal in time, but for larger areas, apply a corn-gluten mix that also cures brown patches. Prune larger trees that impede sunlight, and avoid over fertilizing and over watering.
Dig 2 to 4 inches deep where there are bare spots and incorporate a layer of compost. Sow grass seeds or plant sod there, and cover with a layer of mulch. Water three times a day for the first three weeks, until the seeds germinate or the roots establish themselves.
Remove weeds by pulling them out with their roots by hand or with a hoe for small areas, or using a broad-spectrum herbicide for larger segments of the lawn. You can also invest in an organic fertilizer with corn gluten and follow label instructions to apply it over the weed-infected area.
Dethatch your lawn by renting a dethatcher for insect-related problems, or use insecticide to kill them.