Originating in western Asia, the fig, or Ficus carica L., enjoys dry and warm climates that are similar to the Mediterranean and is hardy to around 15 degrees Fahrenheit. Fig trees can grow up to 50 feet tall, but are usually around 10 to 30 feet. The most common method to propagate fig trees is by cuttings. The process for planting a fig from cuttings is rather simple, but the cuttings do require some attention and special care.
Look for dormant pieces of wood on the fig tree that are 12 inches long and less than one inch in diameter. Select a twig that has two-year-old wood at its base or a one-year-old twig with a heel of two-year-old branch at the base.
Take your cuttings in late fall, winter or early spring, when the fig plant is dormant. Sever the twig from the tree with clean, sharp pruning shears. Dip the cut end of the twig in rooting hormone.
Spray the inside of a plastic bag with water using a spray bottle. Place the cutting in the bag and seal it. Keep the cutting moist and at 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit for one week to allow the cutting to callus.
Fill a small planter pot with a sterile medium, such as a mixture of equal parts peat and perlite. Insert the cutting's severed end into the medium, approximately one-third of the twig's length. Water the soil thoroughly until the water drains freely out of the bottom drainage holes.
Place the planter pot in a clear plastic bag and tie it at the top. Place the pot in bright indirect sunlight. Mist the cuttings daily and water the potting medium frequently to keep the cuttings moist.
Keep the cuttings in the planter pot until spring after they've rooted. You can upgrade the pot size if needed so the rooted cuttings don't become pot-bound.