You may need to transplant fruit plants for a number of reasons--either because the roots of these plants have grown too big for containers, impeding plant growth and sabotaging health, or because you temporarily planted them in a certain spot and are now ready to plant them in their permanent location. The plants must be transplanted carefully to prevent them from going into shock. By keeping a few tips in mind, you can transplant your fruit plants yourself instead of hiring a professional gardener to do so.
Select the right time to transplant the fruit plant. Ideally, do this in fall when plants finishes its reproductive cycle, or in spring, before the cycle starts again. During this time plants are dormant, not blossoming and contain no fruit, therefore they will not go into shock if transplanted from one location to another.
Wear your gloves and prune at least one-third of the fruit plant with garden shears. This pruning will encourage the plant to use nutrients for re-growing its root system when it is transplanted to its new location.
Demarcate a circle around the trunk of your fruit plant with powdered chalk, to help you demarcate where you should start digging. The size of the circle depends on the size of the plant. Keep in mind that you have to dig deep and wide so you can reach the root ball without damaging any roots.
Insert the shovel into the ground over the demarcated area and begin digging, collecting all dirt in a wheelbarrow. Work slowly and carefully so as not to break any roots. Try to get as much of the root system as you can, so your transplant is successful.
Carefully remove the plant off the ground, along with the soil that is around the root ball. This soil will protect the roots from breaking any further, and prevent any drastic temperature changes that could shock the plant.
Use a shovel to dig a hole in your selected spot for the fruit plant. Collect this dirt in a wheelbarrow. Make sure the size of the hole is slightly wider and deeper than the root ball. Keep the base of the hole level so the fruit plant is in line with the surrounding soil. Gently lower the fruit plant into its new hole.
Take some of the collected dirt from the wheelbarrow and mix equal amounts of compost to it in a bucket. Pour this mixture into the hole to cover the roots of the plant. Make sure to hold the plant straight as you backfill.
Press the soil down with your fingers to remove any air pockets, and level the surface with the back of the shovel. Water the site thoroughly with a garden hose to keep the soil moist, and add a layer of mulch over it to help retain moisture and prevent weeds from growing. Continue watering regularly for 3 to 4 weeks so the roots re-establish themselves.