How to Prune Eastern Baccharis

Overview

Eastern Baccharis (Baccharis halimifolia) is a multi-stem shrub with an irregular form. It grows 5 to 12 feet tall, and 5 to 7 feet wide. It is semi-evergreen to deciduous, depending on the winter temperatures. Male plants have yellow flowers, while female plants have white flowers. The plants bloom in fall and winter. Female plants bear white berries after blooming. Eastern Baccharis needs little pruning, which can be done immediately after flowering or in early summer. Early pruning may result in fewer flowers and fruit.

Step 1

Cut limbs up to ½ inch in diameter with hand pruners and larger limbs with lopping shears. Make cuts on a 30-degree angle just above a joint or bud.

Step 2

Cut out damaged, diseased or dead limbs and branches with the proper pruning tool. Diseased limbs may have splits in the wood or bark, cankers, oozing patches in the wood or bark, or dead and dying leaves (out of season).

Step 3

Thin older, less vigorous limbs at ground level with the correct pruning tool to encourage healthy new growth.

Step 4

Remove elongated or wayward limbs that spoil the shape of the plant or protrude into passageways with the appropriate pruning tool.

Tips and Warnings

  • The leaves of Eastern Baccharis are poisonous to livestock, and should not be planted near pastures. The poison may cause convulsions and trembling, in addition to diarrhea and other stomach upsets.

Things You'll Need

  • Hand pruners
  • Lopping shears

References

  • Eastern Baccharis
  • Poisonous Plants

Who Can Help

  • Baccharis halimifolia
  • Pruning Ornamental Trees and Shrubs
Keywords: prune Eastern Baccharis, prune Baccharis halimifolia, Eastern Baccharis, Baccharis halimifolia

About this Author

Melody Lee worked as a newspaper reporter, copywriter and editor for 5 years. In addition, she has edited magazine articles and books. Lee holds a degree in landscape design and is a Florida master gardener. She has more than 25 years of gardening experience, which includes working at nurseries and greenhouses.