Bamboo creates a tropical look in a landscape, and the large varieties make an effective screen. The biggest complaint about bamboo is its aggressive spreading growth habit through underground rhizomes. However, not all varieties of bamboo spread aggressively; the ones that do not spread underground are called clumping varieties. In order to control the spreading variety, you must provide barriers of an impenetrable material at least 28 inches deep around the planted area. One method of control is to plant the spreading variety in a preformed pool liner that will be sunk into the ground.
Choose the area in the landscape where the bamboo will be planted in the preformed pool liner. Bamboo can live in full sun to dappled shade and will not live in standing water.
Turn the preformed pool liner upside down on top of the area where it will be sunk into the ground so you can mark off the area where you will need to dig. This is a good time to drill a series of small holes using a one-quarter inch drill bit into the bottom of the liner so the preformed pool liner will drain and not hold water.
Move the pool liner and dig out the soil as needed to allow the preformed pool liner to sit in the ground and leave 4 inches of the liner above the soil line taking into account the 1-inch layer of gravel you must add at the bottom of the hole. This is so you can see the bamboo rhizomes attempting to spread over the edge of the liner and grow into the landscape.
Put the preformed pool liner into the ground after spreading the 1 inch of gravel over the bottom of the hole. Fill the pool liner with a mixture of one part compost to three parts native soil to a level 3 inches from the top of the pool liner. Pile extra soil or gravel around the outside edge of the pool liner to disguise the area where it can be seen coming out of the ground.
Plant bamboo in the preformed pool liner and water well to settle the soil around the roots of the bamboo. Plant the bamboo at the same level it was in the nursery pot or slightly deeper if needed for stability. Add a 2-inch layer of mulch over the top of the soil in the preformed pool liner.