How to Raise Peach Trees


Growing peach trees, whether you want to grow a single tree in your yard or multiple trees in an orchard, requires proper care and planting technique. The varieties of peach trees are many. As long as you select a variety of peach suitable to your growing zone, raising peach trees is not difficult. A key aspect of peach tree cultivation is regular pruning, especially when the tree is young. By pruning the tree when young, you ensure a healthy, well-balanced fruit-producing tree in subsequent years.

Step 1

Select a site that gets sun during most or all of the day. Without full sun, your trees will not produce to their full capacity. Your site should be flat with good air circulation and soil that drains well.

Step 2

Dig a hole for each tree 2 feet wider than the spread of the root stock and 18 inches deep.

Step 3

Remove any broken roots, and trim roots longer than 18 inches deep to between 12 and 18 inches. Trimming the roots will allow the tree to sit properly in the hole.

Step 4

Put the tree in the hole and spread out the roots. Dig the sides of the hole wider, if necessary.

Step 5

Fill the hole halfway with topsoil. Do not add fertilizer. Tamp down the soil to ensure good soil-to-root contact.

Step 6

Fill the hole to the top with soil, and tamp the soil down. Pour 2 gallons of water over the new planting.

Step 7

Add several inches of soil on top of the new planting after the soil has settled for several hours. The graft where the tree is attached to the root stock should be 1 or 2 inches above the highest soil line. Adjust your additional soil to fit the tree.

Step 8

Prune any branches on the tree at planting to about 1 inch long. Use a sharp pair of pruning shears.

Step 9

Fertilize your tree with a half-cup of well-balanced fertilizer a month after planting. Apply 1 pound of fertilizer in the subsequent springs before the tree has begun to grow for the season. Encircle the trunk with fertilizer, but don't apply closer than 6 inches to the trunk.

Things You'll Need

  • 1-year-old peach tree(s)
  • Shovel
  • Pruning shears
  • Pruning saw
  • Balanced fertilizer


  • Clemson University Extension
  • Penn State University Extension
  • University of Missouri Extension

Who Can Help

  • University of Minnesota Extension: Growing Stone Fruits in Minnesota Home Gardens
  • Colorado State University Extension: Starting Peaches from Pits
  • The Washington Post: In Growing Peach Trees, There Are Pitfalls Aplenty
Keywords: peach cultivation, peach tree care, growing peaches

About this Author

Christopher Earle is a freelance writer based in Denver, Colo. He has been writing since 1987 and has written for NPR, The Associated Press, the Boeing Company, Ford New Holland, Microsoft, Active Voice, RAHCO International and Umax Data Systems. He studied creative writing at Mankato State University in Minnesota.