Perennials are great accents to any garden. These plants come back for at least two years so once you plant them, you can enjoy them for several years. Most perennials will bloom and grow during spring and summer and then die out and remain dormant in the fall and winter. Shrubs and trees are generally perennial plants. Other examples of perennials are begonias, elephant ears, goldenrod, alfalfa and red clover.
Plant your seed in early spring. Try to plant your seeds early in the season so they will have plenty of time to create an extensive root system before they lay dormant in the fall and winter. Before planting, water the soil at least a day before you place the seed to prepare the soil, this will help the seeds to germinate and will keep you from having to work in the mud..
Dig a hole the approximately a fourth of an inch deep. You do not want to place the seeds too deep in the ground. You can also lay them on top of the soil and cover them with a quarter inch of all-purpose potting soil.
Place your plants at distances dependent on how tall they will be when they grow. If you have a 2-foot-tall plant, then there should be at least 2 feet between each plant. If you have a 12-inch plant then there should be approximately 12 inches between each plant. Let their maturity size be your guide. The flower packets will tell you how tall your perennials will be.
Water your seeds lightly. The soil should already be moist so apply just enough water to settle the seeds and wet the topsoil. Do not allow the soil to get soaking wet.
Apply a water-soluble fertilizer once the seedlings begin to come up from the ground. Follow the directions exactly as on the container. The fertilizer will encourage growth and blooming.
Use a 2- to 3-inch layer of mulch in the perennial beds. The mulch will hold water in and will keep weeds to a minimum.
Water the flowers at least once a week. Apply about an inch of water with each watering and allow the soil to become dry before you water again. The flowers will bloom in the late spring or early summer, depending on the type of flower that you have.
Allow the perennials to die out in the fall. For most bulbs, if you live in extremely cold northern regions, you will want to dig the bulbs up and store them in a moist warm area. If you live in the South, you can leave the bulbs in the ground so they can begin to grow the following spring.