How to Use Loam Soil


Loam is a rich, crumbly soil that combines equal parts sand, silt and clay. Loam is the best soil for a garden because it combines moisture-retentive properties of clay and the fluffy aeration of sand. Loamy soil holds water and nutrients that plants need to thrive, while allowing air to get to the roots and speeding root development. Compost is a good example of loam that can be amended into a garden to improve soil quality.

Step 1

Break up your soil to a depth of 12 inches using a spade, shovel, garden fork or tiller.

Step 2

Fill a wheelbarrow with compost and move it to your garden.

Step 3

Transfer compost in piles from your wheelbarrow to your garden using a shovel.

Step 4

Spread the compost with your rake so that it covers the garden soil to a depth of 4 inches.

Step 5

Turn the compost into the garden soil to a depth of 12 inches.

Step 6

Water your garden deeply with a garden hose so that compost can soak into the soil.

Things You'll Need

  • Garden spade
  • Garden shovel
  • Garden fork
  • Garden tiller
  • Garden rake
  • Finished compost
  • Wheelbarrow


  • What is Loam?
  • Preparing Soil for a Vegetable Garden
  • Managing Conservation Tillage

Who Can Help

  • Garden Soil Preparation
Keywords: using loam, soil amendments, garden preparation

About this Author

After 10 years experience in writing, Tracy S. Morris has countless articles and two novels to her credit. Her work has appeared in national magazines and newspapers, including "Ferrets" and "CatFancy," as well as the "Lexington Herald Leader" and "The Tulsa World," and several websites.