The easiest way to grow vegetables in small spaces is to create a container garden. Containers can be made or purchased in many different sizes. Making them the ideal gardening medium for apartment or condo living. It's also an advantageous method if you just want to grow a few vegetables close to your back door or on a deck or patio.
Gather together all of the containers you will use. Half wine barrels are perfect, but you can select smaller containers for vegetables needing less room, such as bushel baskets, buckets, large clay pots, wash tubs or wooden boxes. Make sure the containers have been thoroughly cleaned if they were previously used for other plantings. They all need to have adequate drainage holes at the bottom.
Choose smaller vegetables that don't take up a lot of space, such as green beans, tomatoes, peppers, peas, carrots, radishes, lettuce and spinach.
Fill the containers with the potting soil. Mix in the slow-release fertilizer, according to the manufacture's directions as to the amount of soil you have in a container. Put enough soil into each pot to reach about an inch from the top.
Plant the vegetable seeds according to the directions on the back of the seed packet. Each seed needs to be planted at a different depth and space. The manufacturer has figured this out scientifically. Push soil over the seed hole after planting.
Water your vegetable seeds with the garden watering can or bottle sprayer. Before the seeds have germinated, they are very fragile. They can be dislodged by pouring water directly into the container. After germination, when the seed sprouts through the soil, you must still be careful until the seedlings are established firmly into the soil.
Place the containers in a sunny location. Continue to water them whenever the soil begins to dry. Remember to check for moisture often, as container soil dries more readily than soil in the ground.