Grafting is the art of combining the best attributes of two different varieties of a plant into one improved hybrid. Grafting can be used to propagate shrubs increasing their overall maturity rate and fruit production time. With citrus fruit, grafting can create a single tree that produces different types of citrus.
Cut healthy budding branches from the plant with a sharp grafting knife. The branches should be roughly a quarter inch in diameter, 2 inches in length and should not be too woody.
Cut a diagonal incision into the rootstock so that all the layers of the stalk are showing.
Cut a diagonal incision into the budstick and immediately pair it with the incision on the rootstalk so that the diagonal match up, making a straight branch.
Wrap a rubber band tightly around the new branch to firmly hold the two pieces together.
Brush the grafted area with grafting wax to completely seal off the graft. This prevents moisture loss and protects the tree from diseases. If the graft was successful, then new growth will begin to appear in about eight weeks. Once new growth appears, the rubber band can be removed.