The rose comes in many colors, sizes and shapes. The rose is a shrub that is cultivated and grown as bushes or on trellises. Climbing roses can grow to lengths of 15 feet. The rose is the favored flower for romantic gifts, weddings and floral arrangements. The home gardener enjoys the challenge of growing rose bushes in several forms in flower beds, next to trellises and in landscaped rose gardens. A gardener that is planning to grow roses should know the parts of a rose flower to better understand the reproductive process of the plant.
The rose blossom is supported by a stem and a set of small protective leaves called sepals. The petals are the colorful outer covering of the bud and blossom. Petals are altered or modified leaves that are colorful to attract bees, insects and birds that are pollen distributors.
The pistil is the entire column of the female reproductive parts of a rose. The pistil starts at the center bottom of the blossom, rising up in a single extension, which is called the style. The style is a hollow tube which enables pollen to travel down into the ovary of the flower. At the top of the style you will find the stigma, a knob-like shape where the pollen settles and sticks when transferred by wind or pollinators. The ovary is the bulbous area that is encased at the juncture where the rose petals meet the stem. The ovule which houses the egg cells that produce seeds is centered within the ovary.
The rose flower has a series of stamens that are the male reproductive parts. The thin filaments surround and rise above the center of the blossom. The filaments are the support posts for anthers. Anthers are the oblong sac that produces pollen. The pollen is discharged from the anther and distributed to the female stigma.