Olive trees are from the Mediterranean so their ideal habitat is cool wet winters with hot dry summers. However, the olive tree is a fairly tolerant plant and can survive in a variety of climates. Very humid climates can pose challenging for olive trees as do very cold winters but if the temperature does not drop below 15 degrees F and the air is not too damp your olive tree should do fine. Plant it the sunniest spot possible with some wind protection and enjoy delicious olives as your tree matures.
Plant the tree. If you have naturally sandy, well-draining soil you can plant your olive tree directly into the ground. If your soil is wet, heavy clay then it is best to create a raised bed for your olive tree.
Fill your raised bed with a mixture of soil, coarse sand and peat moss. This will create soil that will drain well to prevent root rot.
Dig a hole that is slightly larger then the nursery pot that contains the tree.
Gently wiggle the tree free from the pot. It is easiest to turn the potted tree on its side, grasp the base of the trunk and slide it from the pot.
Fill soil under and around the root ball. You can add a little soil to the top but do not cover more then an inch of the exposed trunk.
Water well in the beginning to get the roots established in their new environment. After the initial watering, allow the soil to dry out before you water again.
Prune your olive tree in spring and summer. Be cautious of pruning in late summer if winter is known to come early. Olive trees need heat to heal after pruning.