Don't purchase expensive composting bins when wooden pallets can be used to build your own low-cost composting bin for your backyard garden. Composting is a process that decomposes garden and yard waste into nutrient-rich fertilizer. Once the bin is filled and properly maintained, the compost will fully decompose in six to 12 months.
Create a four-sided bin by nailing or wiring together four wooden pallets in a cube, leaving the top and bottom open. The finished bin will look like a wooden cage.
Attach one pallet with a hinge on one side. Wire or nail the other side closed. This creates a gate, making opening the bin easier.
Lay an additional pallet flat on the ground in the location of the compost bin, if desired. This extra pallet increases the air flow under the compost pile, but also dries the pile more quickly. Additional water may be required if using a bottom pallet.
Place the compost cage on top of the ground pallet or directly on the ground. Place the compost bin on soil or grass instead of concrete.
Add a layer of sticks and twigs to the bottom of the compost bin. Continue adding layers of compost by alternating brown waste and green waste. Chopped waste will compost faster than large pieces.
Lightly water the compost. Do not allow the compost to become sopping wet. Water periodically when the compost become dry.
Turn the compost over in the bin periodically with a pitchfork to speed the decomposing process.