A bamboo privacy fence is a natural, aesthetically pleasing solution for screening yourself from neighbors, hiding unsightly tanks and buildings or creating a barrier between two areas of a garden. This tall hardy ornamental grass can be grown in most climates, and can withstand very cold winters. Running bamboo, as opposed to clumping bamboo, grows and spreads rapidly, making it ideal for a green privacy fence--but make sure you line the area with a heavy barrier, or the bamboo will take over the rest of the garden. Growing bamboo provides great rewards with minimal effort; in a short time your garden will feel like a secluded escape with a tropical touch.
Dig a trench that is 3 ft deep and at least 3 ft feet wide; dig a larger trench if you want a thicker privacy fence.
Line the sides of the trench with heavy plastic; this will prevent invasive bamboo from taking over the rest of your garden.
Select the type of bamboo you wish to plant. There are many different types of bamboo; chose one that will grow fast and tall and is appropriate for your area and growing conditions.
Fill in the bottom 2 feet of the trench with a mix of soil and sand. Bamboo likes well draining sandy soil; if the soil is too heavy or wet, it will rot the rhizomes.
Place your bamboo plants in a row along the trench. Line them up so that the top of the root ball is level with the ground; fill in or remove soil as needed.
Fill in the rest of the trench with the sandy soil mixture. Pat down firmly around the bamboo plants.
Water thoroughly to allow the rhizomes to get established. After the initial watering it is best to water four times a week in hot weather and two times a week in cool weather.