Blueberry bushes are an ornamental shrub that produces a sweet fruit known for antioxidant qualities. Transplant the bushes during the dormant season from the winter months through early spring. Blueberry bushes have shallow roots that lay flat just under the ground, making them easy to dig and transplant. Plant at least two bushes near each other so they can cross pollinate with each other to increase the amount of fruit produced during the following growing season.
Select a new planting site that has six to eight hours of sunlight and well-draining soil.
Test the soil with a home soil test kit to verify the pH level. Blueberries grow best in a pH of 4.0 to 5.0. Add ground rock sulfur to lower the pH level and make the soil more acidic.
Dig 12 inches out from the base of the plant and deep enough until the root structure can be pulled out of the ground. Cut through as few of the root structures as possible for best results with transplanting.
Dig a hole in the planting location that is 2 feet wider and slightly deeper than the root ball. Add 2 to 3 inches of compost to the bottom of the hole.
Place the root ball into the hole and gently fill around the roots with soil that is mixed equally with compost. Fill the hole halfway with the soil mix and add water to fill the hole. Allow the water to soak into the ground and fill the remaining space with soil. Gently pack in place.
Water the blueberry bush thoroughly after transplanting. Continue to water the blueberry bush during the growing season to keep the soil moist. Use collected rain water if possible as it is more acidic to benefit the plant.
Apply a 3- to 4-inch layer of mulch around the plant to assist with water retention and weed control.
Fertilize the blueberry bushes four to six weeks after transplanting with a high acid plant fertilizer.