Growing bamboo plants in containers offers gardeners an easy way to add a little tropical appeal to an indoor space in a relatively short amount of time. The quick-growing plants have a relatively short life span--about 15 years--and require some specific care. The maintenance a bamboo plant needs is not overly rigorous, but it must be faithfully tended to in order for the plant to grow successfully.
Place the bamboo plant in an area where it will receive bright, but indirect light. Placing it in direct sunlight will damage the plant's leaves. Giving a bamboo plant too little light will lead to poor growth and color.
Give plants in pots that are 5 gallons or smaller a minimum of 1/2 gallon of water twice a week when the weather is mild; water daily during warmer months. Bamboo plants that are in pots bigger than 5 gallons should receive a minimum of 1 gallon of water. Reduce the frequency and amount of water when the plant has reached the desired size and height.
Add fertilizer to the bamboo plant. Use a fertilizer that is high in nitrogen--a 21-5-6 formula is ideal.
Spread a 2- to 3-inch layer of manure or compost around the base of the plant and on the area where you want the plant to spread.
Inspect your bamboo plant annually and cut away dead or unattractive stalks or branches. Cut branches with a machete or sharp garden shears just a few centimeters above a node. Balance the appearance of the plant by trimming branches from the sides with garden shears.