Grapes are a clustering fruit produced on woody canes that require support. Grapevines can be grown in the home garden easily when given the proper care and growing requirements. Choose a variety that is hardy for the growing climate and plant in the spring season for best results. Monitor grapevines regularly to prevent overwatering and to control disease.
Plant in a location that has well-drained, nutrient-rich soil in full sunlight conditions.
Prune the grapevine canes prior to planting. This ensures that only the strongest cane is remaining on the rootstock.
Dig a hole that is 8 to 10 inches deep and wide enough to spread the roots out. Add compost to the bottom of the hole and set the vine into the hole with the roots spread out. Gently pack soil around the roots while filling the hole. Plant the canes 2 feet or farther apart from each other.
Prune the one remaining cane. Cut it to a length where only two buds are remaining on the vine.
Water grapevine canes immediately after planting. Water the grapevines regularly during dry periods to keep the soil moist but not wet.
Fertilize the canes. Fertilize canes with nitrogen two weeks after they are planted and again each spring. Apply mulch 4 to 6 inches deep around the grapevines.
Attach support wires at 36 inches and 60 inches to create a trellis that has 6 foot-high poles.
Cut and remove all shoot growth. Train the grapevines to attach to the support wires once they reach the first trellis line by cutting off and removing shoots growing between wires. Cut back shoots that appear along the lower wire to a length of two buds remaining.
Cut the vines. Prune the grapevines prior to the new growing season by cutting off last season's growth to initiate new cane growth. Fruit is produced on 1-year-old vines.