Ficus trees are a tropical plant originally found in Southeast Asia. These are light, well-balanced plants that grow well in small containers. Ficus trees range in height from 3 inches to 10 feet. They have woody stems and bright-green leaves. Ficus trees tolerate hot, humid conditions. Indoors they need a sunny location that is free from drafts, including air conditioners. They need light, well-drained soil.
Mix potting soil, peat moss, sand and bark together in a ratio of 1:1:1:1. Fill a large flower pot half-full of potting-soil mixture.
Place the ficus tree in the pot, carefully spreading the roots over the potting soil mixture. Cover the roots with more potting soil mix. Leave one inch of space from the top rim. Do not tamp the soil.
Layer one of pea pebbles on top of the soil. Water the ficus tree thoroughly. Water should flow freely from the drain holes.
Remove excess water from the saucer once it has stopped flowing. Use this water to water other plants. Do not water again until the soil has begun to dry out.
Add a slow release nitrogen fertilizer once a month. Prune in the fall to maintain size and shape.