Whether you want to grow vegetables for market as a hobby or for economical advantages, a successful plan of action will ensure you achieve your target. Growing vegetables for market is slightly different from domestic ones because you will be growing on a larger scale, spending more money and using strictly organic methods to ensure a successful and healthy crop. This profitable venture--if followed through properly--will ensure you cash flows that you can save and enjoy later.
Develop a business plan to consider costs of seeds and material for their optimum growth, marketing and transportation options, equipment costs and yield per square foot of planting area, vending costs, and land rents if your land lacks sufficient space. Research thoroughly so you know you can work with and set a budget to run your expenses within.
Research the types of vegetables you can grow that are native to your environment and climate. Shortlist a few vegetables and research their needs to provide optimum conditions so they thrive. Design your venture on graph paper and clearly locate the vegetable patches, beds or any containers you will be using. Keep in mind that crop rotation every 3 years is essential to prevent pests, disease and nutrient depletion.
Build a processing area that should have access to water, a counter and several baskets for collecting and storing harvested vegetables until sold.
Select a sunny, well-drained location, and strip the patch to remove any weeds or sod. Remove any surface stones, twigs or debris and 3 inches of soil with a shovel. Collect in a wheelbarrow to dispose off later. Place a small amount of soil in a container and send it your local nursery to have it tested for its pH value. Ideally, vegetables require a pH between 6.5 and 7, so amend the soil by adding lime to acidic soil, or sulfur if it is alkaline. Add organic compost such as manure to the planting site as well, rake well and moisten it with a garden hose.
Demarcate individual vegetable patches by inserting stakes or even branches in the ground and running a length of string or rope through them. You can also glue name tags of vegetables on sticks in each patch.
Purchase good-quality seeds from your local nursery. Follow label instructions for depth and spacing. Provide any trellising if they require. Mulch the area to retain moisture and prevent weeds. Water the vegetables occasionally at soil level to prevent the foliage from growing wet.
Pick vegetables as they mature, and wash them thoroughly in the processing area. Sell them by making an attractive stall in the area itself if it is in a busy locality, or transport to a farmers' market in a rented van.