Spring may bring flowers to the garden, but autumn can feature some unexpected showstoppers, for that end-of-season color. Autumn flowers are perfect to plant in the landscape so that you have a garden that changes all year long. Flowers in autumn can be on plants, shrubs and even some trees. Autumn blooming plants are perfect for any garden or landscape.
Mexican Bush Sage
Mexican bush sage, or Salvia leucantha, is from the Lamiaceae/Labiatae, or mint, family. It is a perennial that will attract butterflies and hummingbirds to the landscape. This will get 2 to 4 feet tall and wide with lance-shaped leaves 1 to 5 inches long. Blooms are white, in fall and winter, and 1 to 2 inches long in purple or lavender. Plant a Mexican bush sage plant in full sun, but it can tolerate shade in the afternoon. Propagate via stem cuttings or root cuttings.
Joe Pye Weed
Joe Pye weed, or Eupatorium fistulosum, is from the Asteraceae/Compositae, or aster/daisy, family. It is a perennial that will attract butterflies to the landscape. It will get 3 to 10 feet tall with leaves 8 to 12 inches long. Pink, purple, or mauve-colored flowers are on clusters 18 inches across. Plant a Joe Pye weed in full sun with regular watering. Propagate via root clump division.
Autumn Crocus, or Colchicum autumnale, is from the Liliaceae (lily) family. It is a perennial. Leaves are strap like 6 to 12 inches long with 5 to 7-inch tall drinking-glass-shaped flowers in white, purple, pink, or lavender. Plant an autumn crocus in full sun or partial shade in well drained soil. Propagate via division of clumps every 3 years.
Sweet Autumn Clematis
Sweet Autumn Clematis, or Clematis terniflora, is from the Ranunculaceae, or buttercup, family. It is a fragrant perennial vine that can get 30 feet long. Leaves are glossy, with 3 to 5 leaflets 2 to 3 inches long. Flowers are white, star-shaped, and a little over 1 inch wide. Plant a sweet autumn clematis plant with roots in shade and foliage in sun with regular watering. Propagate via seed, summer cuttings, or winter/early spring layering.
Pineapple sage, or Salvia elegans, is from the Lamiaceae/Labiatae, or mint, family. It is a fast- and easy-growing, fragrant perennial that will attract butterflies and hummingbirds. It will get 3 to 5 feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide. Light green fuzzy leaves are 2 to 4 inches long with flowers on 8-inch terminal spikes in summer and autumn. Plant a pineapple sage plant in full sun with regular watering. Propagate via seed or spring tip cuttings.